1. Basic Phrases

Bom dia!
Hello! / Good morning!
Boa tarde!
Good afternoon!
Boa noite!
Good evening! / Good night!
Oi/Olá! Tchau!
Hi! / Bye!
Adeus.
Good bye.
Por favor.
Please.
Até mais.
See you / See you later.
Até logo.
See you soon.
Até amanhã.
See you tomorrow.
(Muito) Obrigado.
Thank you (very much).
Não há de quê.
You're welcome. / Don't mention it.
Bem-vindo
Welcome
Desculpe-me
I'm sorry
Com licença / Perdão.
Excuse me / Pardon
Vamos!
Let's go!
Como o senhor está?
How are you? (formal)
feminine: a senhora
Como vai?
How are you? (informal)
E aí?
How's it going? (Only in Brazil)
Bem / Muito bem
Well / Very well
Mal / Muito mal / Mais ou menos
Bad / Very bad / More or less
Sim / Não
Yes / No
Como o senhor se chama?
What is your name? (formal)
Qual é seu nome?
What is your name? (informal)
Me chamo...
My name is...
Prazer em conhecê-lo
Nice to meet you.
Igualmente.
Same here.
Senhor / Senhora / Senhorita
Mister / Mrs. / Miss
De onde o senhor é?
Where are you from? (formal)
De onde você é?
Where are you from? (informal)
Eu sou de...
I'm from...
Quantos anos o senhor tem?
How old are you? (formal)
Quantos anos você tem?
How old are you? (informal)
Eu tenho _____ anos.
I am _____ years old.
O senhor fala português?
Do you speak Portuguese? (formal)
Você fala inglês?
Do you speak English? (informal)
(Não) Falo...
I (don't) speak...
Compreende? / Entende?
Do you understand? (formal / informal)
(Não) Compreendo. / (Não) Entendo.
I (don't) understand.
Eu (não) sei.
yoh noh loh seh
I (don't) know.
Pode me ajudar?
Can you help me?
Claro que sim
Of course
Como?
What? Pardon me?
Onde está / Onde estão... ?
Where is ... / Where are ... ?
Aqui
Here.
Há / Havia...
There is / are... / There was / were...
Como se diz ____ em português?
How do you say ___ in Portuguese?
O que é isto?
What is that?
Qual é o problema?
What's the matter (with you)?
Não importa.
It doesn't matter.
O que aconteceu?
What's happening?
Não tenho idéia.
I have no idea.
Estou cansado / doente.
I'm tired / sick.
Estou com fome / sêde.
I'm hungry / thirsty.
Estou com calor / frio.
I'm hot / cold.
Estou chateado.
I'm bored.
Não me importa.
I don't care.
Não se preocupe.
Don't worry
Tudo bem / 'Tá bom.
That's alright.
Me esqueci.
I forgot.
Tenho que ir agora.
I must go now.
Saúde!
Bless you!
Parabéns!
Congratulations!
Boa sorte!
Good luck!
É a sua vez.
It's your turn. (informal)
Cale-se! / Cala a boca!
Shut up!
Eu te amo.
I love you. (informal and singular)


Notice that Portuguese has informal and formal ways of saying things. This is because there is more than one meaning to "you" in Portuguese (as well as in many other languages.) The informal you is used when talking to close friends, relatives, animals or children. The formal you is used when talking to someone who is older than you or someone for whom you would like to show respect (a professor, for example.) There are also two ways to say you in the plural, used when speaking to more than one person.

All adjectives in Portuguese have masculine and feminine forms. In general, the masculine form ends in -o and the feminine form ends in -a.



2. Pronunciation

Portuguese LetterEnglish Sound
alike a in after
elike e in empty or if it's at the end of a word, like ee in cheese
ialways like ee
olike the sound of all but without the l sound
ualways like oo in fool
lhlike lli in million but shorter
hsilent
nhlike ny in canyon
rin beginning of word like h in hot. Between two letters like the Italian r in Maria
rralways like h in hot
dlike in English
jlike in English but without the d sound. Something like zh or a hard sh
gbefore e and i like j. Otherwise like g in go
gue, guithe g in go followed by e or i
qua, quoare always pronounced separately, like kwa, kwo
sbetween vowels, like z in zoo; otherwise like z. (In Portugal, like sh when at the end of a word.)
xsometimes like sh in shift or like z in zoo
çlike ss
zlike z in English (In Portugal, like zh when at the end of a word.)
ãlike oe in does
âlike ã but shorter
álike a in Artic
êlike e but shorter
élike a in apple
ílike i but longer
ôlike o but shorter
ólike o in more
úlike u but longer
chlike sh in shift
õelike "oen"

3. Alphabet

aakuu
blélev
cmêmewdábliu
dnênexxis
eêooyípsolon
féfepz
gqquê
hagárérre
iisésse
jjotat

The letter